Saturday, April 11, 2015

Buku Pengolahan Citra Digital dengan Matlab-Code untuk Konversi RGB ke Lab

Sinopsis

Format RGB bisa kita lakukan transformasi kedalam format yang lainnya, salah satu dari tersebut ke format Lab, berikut penulis sajikan code yang dicomot dari https://www.eecs.berkeley.edu/ dalam bentuk code di matlab atau juga bisa menggunakan calculator online di http://colormine.org/convert/rgb-to-lab

function [L,a,b] = RGB2Lab(R,G,B)
% function [L, a, b] = RGB2Lab(R, G, B)
% RGB2Lab takes matrices corresponding to Red, Green, and Blue, and 
% transforms them into CIELab.  This transform is based on ITU-R 
% Recommendation  BT.709 using the D65 white point reference.
% The error in transforming RGB -> Lab -> RGB is approximately
% 10^-5.  RGB values can be either between 0 and 1 or between 0 and 255.  
% By Mark Ruzon from C code by Yossi Rubner, 23 September 1997.
% Updated for MATLAB 5 28 January 1998.

if (nargin == 1)
  B = double(R(:,:,3));
  G = double(R(:,:,2));
  R = double(R(:,:,1));
end

if ((max(max(R)) > 1.0) | (max(max(G)) > 1.0) | (max(max(B)) > 1.0))
  R = R/255;
  G = G/255;
  B = B/255;
end

[M, N] = size(R);
s = M*N;

% Set a threshold
T = 0.008856;

RGB = [reshape(R,1,s); reshape(G,1,s); reshape(B,1,s)];

% RGB to XYZ
MAT = [0.412453 0.357580 0.180423;
       0.212671 0.715160 0.072169;
       0.019334 0.119193 0.950227];
XYZ = MAT * RGB;

X = XYZ(1,:) / 0.950456;
Y = XYZ(2,:);
Z = XYZ(3,:) / 1.088754;

XT = X > T;
YT = Y > T;
ZT = Z > T;

fX = XT .* X.^(1/3) + (~XT) .* (7.787 .* X + 16/116);

% Compute L
Y3 = Y.^(1/3); 
fY = YT .* Y3 + (~YT) .* (7.787 .* Y + 16/116);
L  = YT .* (116 * Y3 - 16.0) + (~YT) .* (903.3 * Y);

fZ = ZT .* Z.^(1/3) + (~ZT) .* (7.787 .* Z + 16/116);

% Compute a and b
a = 500 * (fX - fY);
b = 200 * (fY - fZ);

L = reshape(L, M, N);
a = reshape(a, M, N);
b = reshape(b, M, N);

if ((nargout == 1) | (nargout == 0))
  L = cat(3,L,a,b);
end

       
 

Code diatas diambil dari link https://www.eecs.berkeley.edu/Research/Projects/CS/vision/bsds/code/Util/RGB2Lab.m Penjelasan mengenai Lab pada link http://www.colourphil.co.uk/lab_lch_colour_space.shtml

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